The American Revolution – Trolley Program (Grades: 2-12)

How did New Yorkers help create the United States of America? Students will visit the site of part of the Battle of Brooklyn, including the statue Minerva and the Altar to Liberty, and then travel around the Cemetery assessing the roles of other revolutionaries in this era through source inquiry and monument study.

The American Revolution: March to Battle Hill! (Grades: 2-12)

How should the Battle of Brooklyn, a loss for the Continental Army, be remembered? March from Green-Wood’s Main Entrance to the top of Battle Hill: the highest natural point in Brooklyn and the site of part of the 1776 battle. Learn about it through maps, documents, and images on the way up the hill. When you reach the top, study the monument Minerva and the Altar to Liberty.

Expand the section below to learn about American revolutionaries buried at Green-Wood. See this page for our full list of Focus Figures.

Figures: American Revolution

  • John Greenwood: patriot fifeboy in the Continental Army and George Washington’s favorite dentist
  • William Livingston: member of the Second Continental Congress and early governor of New Jersey, buried with his son Brockholst, an early Supreme Court judge
  • Margaret Pine: once thought to be the last enslaved person in New York State, born in 1776
  • Ebenezer Stevens: patriot, soldier, and participant in the Boston Tea Party
  • Robert Troup: college roommate of Alexander Hamilton and Continental Army general captured during the Battle of Brooklyn

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The Civil War: Homefront, Battlefields, Burial Ground – Walking or Trolley Program (Grades: 4-12)

How did diverse New Yorkers and Brooklynites experience, respond to, and contribute to the Civil War?

Starting at our Freedom Lots, visit the graves of important participants in Civil War history, all with unique perspectives: white and Black soldiers, a nurse, a drummer boy (trolley only), and more. See a different war through their eyes.

Expand the section below to learn about the men, women, and children who experienced the Civil War and are interred at Green-Wood. See this page for our full list of Focus Figures.

Figures: Civil War

  • Civil War Soldiers’ Monument: an 1869 memorial to the 149,000 Union soldiers from New York City
  • John Cooke: executed for his role in John Brown’s raid on Harper’s Ferry
  • Anna Leah Fox: one of the infamous Fox sisters, who inspired the Spiritualist movement that both comforted and confounded bereft family members of fallen soldiers in the Civil War era and beyond
  • The Freedom Lots: the largest undisturbed burial ground for people of African descent in NYC, located within Green-Wood, including survivors of the New York City Draft Riots and Black Civil War veterans
  • Abigail Hopper Gibbons: noted abolitionist, Underground Railroad station master and Civil War nurse
  • Henry B. Hidden: white Civil War soldier with an elaborate monument and a gallant battle history
  • Eastman Johnson: Civil War era genre painter whose canvases tell stories of daily life in those turbulent times
  • Laura Keene: star of Our American Cousin at Ford’s Theater, present the night of Lincoln’s assassination
  • Thomas Francis Meagher: Irish patriot, inventor of the tricolor Irish flag, and famed American Civil War general in the 69th “Irish Brigade” Regiment. Though not interred here, his cenotaph is here.
  • The Little Drummer Boy, Clarence MacKenzie: Brooklyn’s first casualty of the war, who died in training from friendly fire at age twelve
  • The Soldiers’ Lot: land Green-Wood donated for free burials of New York State soldiers who died during the Civil War, full of Union veterans’ graves
  • Ann Priscilla Vanderpoel: the “Florence Nightingale” of New York, founder of the Ladies Home U.S. General Hospital, formerly on East 51st Street in Manhattan

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Immigrants in NYC: Eighteenth Century to Today- Walking or Trolley Program (Grades: 2-12)

How have immigrants changed New York, and vice versa?

Explore little-known stories of New York immigrant communities such as Little Syria; discover the struggles, successes, and stereotypes of Italian, German, and Irish Americans; and investigate New York’s immigrant cultures today through unique sections of burials (walking version covers Nineteenth to Twenty-First centuries).

Expand the section below to learn about Green-Wood’s permanent residents with fascinating and inspiring immigration stories. See this page for our full list of Focus Figures.

Figures: Immigration

  • Chow Ye Tong lot: graves of people associated with a Chinese-American organization active during the period of Chinese exclusion
  • William F. Mangels: German-American engineering maverick who created many of Coney Island’s wildest rides
  • Thomas Francis Meagher: Irish patriot, inventor of the tricolor Irish flag, and famed American Civil War general in the 69th “Irish Brigade” Regiment. Though not interred here, his cenotaph is here.
  • The Sahadi family: Lebanese (formerly referred to as Upper Syrian) immigrants of Manhattan’s “Little Syria” in the 1890s who later created a food empire on Atlantic Avenue in Brooklyn
  • Johnny Torrio: mentor to Al Capone, whose story sheds light on Italian-American community and stereotyping in the twentieth century
  • Contemporary lots: an area of the Cemetery with contemporary graves. illustrating who makes Brooklyn and New York City what they are today

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Innovators & Inventors from Industrialization to the Progressive Era – Walking or Trolley Program (Grades: 4-12)

How did individuals impact American politics, technology, and culture in the Nineteenth and early Twentieth centuries?

Students will explore the stories of influential, visionary, and even corrupt changemakers buried at Green-Wood to determine how they forged a new American society—and who thrived, survived, or suffered in it.

Expand the section below to learn about a notable changemakers buried at Green-Wood. See this page for our full list of Focus Figures.

Figures: Innovators and Inventors

  • Henry Chadwick: known as the “Father of Baseball,” originated modern baseball terminology
  • Peter Cooper: pioneering philanthropist, educator, and inventor of steam locomotives
  • Thomas C. Durant: Transcontinental Railroad tycoon who drove the Golden Spike at Promontory Summit, Utah
  • Charles Feltman: Coney Island restauranteur and inventor of the hot dog
  • Jeremiah Hamilton: first Black millionaire to make his fortune on Wall Street; a controversial figure among both white and Black people of his era, nicknamed the “Prince of Darkness”
  • Elias Howe Jr.: inventor of the modern sewing machine
  • Louisine Havemeyer: suffragist and heiress to the Domino Sugar fortune
  • Mary Jacobi: pioneering pediatrician and suffragist
  • Clemence Lozier: physician, suffragist, and trailblazer in the training of women doctors
  • George McNulty: engineer who helped build the Brooklyn Bridge
  • Samuel F.B. Morse: pioneer in telegraphy, artist, and inventor of Morse code
  • Isabella Seaholm née Goodwin: first woman to be appointed a detective in New York City
  • Elmer Sperry: co-inventor of the gyroscope, known as the “father of modern navigation technology”
  • Louis Comfort Tiffany: artist and designer who revolutionized stained glass art
  • William Magear “Boss” Tweed: corrupt Tammany Hall boss who ruled New York City politics for years
  • John Underwood: pioneering Typewriter manufacturer

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Gone, Not Forgotten: Black New Yorkers Who Changed America – Walking or Trolley Program (Grades: 2-12)

How should we honor Black New Yorkers from the past three centuries who shaped America then and now?

While visiting gravesites, students will learn about and think of ways to educate others on the legacies of luminaries like James Weldon Johnson; unsung leaders like abolitionist Elizabeth Gloucester; and the nearly forgotten, like the over 1300 people interred in the Freedom Lots.

Expand the section below to learn about pioneering Black New Yorkers buried at Green-Wood. See this page for our full list of Focus Figures.

Figures: Black New Yorkers

  • Jean-Michel Basquiat: musician, poet and groundbreaking Neo-Expressionist and graffiti artist of the late twentieth century
  • Samuel Cornish: pioneering abolitionist and journalist, co-publisher of the first Black newspaper in the U.S.
  • Elizabeth Gloucester: Abolitionist and real estate tycoon who left an estate valued over one million dollars to her children after her death
  • Margaret and Scipio Franks: self-emancipated people who worked in Manhattan for noted white abolitionists, the Gibbons family
  • Jeremiah Hamilton: first Black millionaire to make his fortune on Wall Street; a controversial figure among both white and Black people of his era, nicknamed the “Prince of Darkness”
  • James Weldon Johnson: NAACP officer, diplomat, poet, and lyricist of the Lift Ev’ry Voice and Sing, known as the “Black National Anthem”
  • Dr. Susan Smith McKinney Steward: first Black, female doctor in New York State, third in the country; abolitionist, activist, and community leader
  • Margaret Pine: once thought to be the last enslaved person in New York State, born in 1776
  • Thomas Joiner-White: the third-known Black American to earn a medical degree in the United States

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